Happy Birthday! Now pay up!

April 18th, 2013

Birthday
So today I’m venturing into urban myth territory again and exploring what’s up with singing “ Happy Birthday “? The urban myth I’ve heard is that some unscrupulous cad had copyrighted the song that the world has known and loved since the early 1900’s and is now charging for every public performance and that’s why no one sings it on TV or in the movies.

Let’s see what Wiki has to say.

From Wikipedia:

“ The origins of “Happy Birthday to You” date back to the mid-19th century, when two sisters, Patty and Mildred J. Hill, introduced the song “Good Morning to All” to Patty’s kindergarten class in Kentucky.

In 1893, they published the tune in their songbook Song Stories for the Kindergarten. However, many believe that the Hill sisters most likely copied the tune and lyrical idea from other popular and substantially similar nineteenth-century songs that predated theirs, including Horace Waters’ “Happy Greetings to All”, “Good Night to You All” also from 1858, “A Happy New Year to All” from 1875, and “A Happy Greeting to All”, published 1885.
The Hill Sisters’ students enjoyed their teachers’ version of “Good Morning to All” so much that they began spontaneously singing it at birthday parties, changing the lyrics to “Happy Birthday”.[2] Children’s Praise and Worship, edited by Andrew Byers, Bessie L. Byrum and Anna E. Koglin, published the song in 1918. In 1924, Robert Coleman included “Good Morning to All” in a songbook with the birthday lyrics as a second verse. Coleman also published “Happy Birthday” in The American Hymnal in 1933.
In 1935, “Happy Birthday to You” was copyrighted as a work for hire by Preston Ware Orem for the Summy Company, the publisher of “Good Morning to All”. A new company, Birch Tree Group Limited, was formed to protect and enforce the song’s copyright. In 1989,[10] the rights to “Happy Birthday to You” and its assets were sold to Time Warner. In March 2004, Warner Music Group was sold to a group of investors led by Edgar Bronfman Jr. The company continues to insist that one cannot sing the “Happy Birthday to You” lyrics for profit without paying royalties: in 2008, Warner collected about $5000 per day ($2 million per year) in royalties for the song. This includes use in film, television, radio, anywhere open to the public, or even among a group where a substantial number of those in attendance are not family or friends of whoever is performing the song. For this reason, most restaurants or other public party venues will not allow their employees to perform the song in public, instead opting for other original songs or cheers in honor of the birthday celebrant. “

Sounds like the good folks at Warner-Chappell/Summy-Birchard could give Scrooge a run for his money. So is the song subject to copyright? Can these unscrupulous cads charge royalties and take you to court? Here is an excerpt from an excellent article on that very question.

From:

http://www.kuro5hin.org/story/2003/7/5/112441/6280

“ That copyright is now owned by Warner-Chappell/Summy-Birchard. However, just because a copyright is registered doesn’t mean it’s valid. A copyright registration is only prima facia evidence. Just because someone threatens to sue doesn’t mean they would win. One lower court’s 1934 ruling couldn’t be binding on the whole country, much less the world.

Under the U. S. law of 1909, the effective date of copyright is the date of first publication. The U. S. Copyright Office states: “The copyright in the work of authorship immediately becomes the property of the author who created the work. [The Hills did not create the Happy Birthday to You version.] Only the author or those deriving their rights through the author can rightfully claim copyright.” There is proof that the song was published as Happy Birthday to You at least by 1915, which is prior to the public domain mark at 1923. Good Morning to All was not public domain in 1915, but it is now. Also, according to the 1909 Copyright Act, publication without notice forfeited the copyright for the publications in the 1920’s. A copyright registration dated 20 years after publication is not valid under the 1909 Copyright Act. That would seem to indicate that the whole song is now in the public domain. “

Interesting! Anyone feeling lucky?

EL JINETE ( The Rider )

April 11th, 2013

Instead of my usual odd audio blog, I thought I would let you know about a show I’m working on. A mariachi opera! How cool is that? This is going to be a great show and it’s turning into an audio/ visual extravaganza! If you get a chance come and see it.
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Do not operate heavy machinery

April 3rd, 2013

94px-Méditation

I was scouring the archives for the most soothing sound in the world. I figured, you had probably heard all the annoying sounds and it was time for a treat. And low and behold, I found it. It’s called, “ weightless “ and a Manchester band called Marconi Union wrote and produced it. Of course I’m going to give you the link but first a bit about the music. Keep in mind that the research done on the song was funded by Radox, a company that makes and sells spa products. Kind of like Monsanto writing it’s own congressional bill!

From the Telegraph online:

A “ scientific “ study funded by Radox,

“ found the song was even more relaxing than a massage, walk or cup of tea. “

Now wait just a minute! More relaxing than a cup of tea! What kind of tea are they drinking? A rather bold claim don’t you think?

“ Scientists played the song to 40 women and found it to be more effective at helping them relax than songs by Enya, Mozart and Coldplay. “

Insert Enya or Coldplay joke here.

“ The women were connected to sensors and given challenging puzzles to complete against the clock in order to induce a level of stress. They were then played different songs as their heart rate, blood pressure, breathing and brain activity were recorded. Studies found Weightless was 11 per cent more relaxing than any other song and even made many of the women “drowsy” in the lab. It induced a 65 per cent reduction in overall anxiety and brought them to a level 35 per cent lower than their usual resting rates. “

The song is here
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CySNhHVAokQ

The independent (ly paid) researchers warn drivers to refrain from listening to the track while driving as drivers may become drowsy and susceptible to buying non Radox shampoo products.

The full article is here:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/8830066/Band-creates-the-most-relaxing-tune-ever.html

Until the next time…

Work

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